Thursday, August 28, 2003

Market Least


Market Least

The shopping district between Eighth and 12th streets is in serious need of an overhaul.

by Bruce Andersen

Now that the new Constitution Center has opened, something has become quite obvious: The area called Market East is sorely in need of some attention. The stretch of blocks between the Convention Center and the Loews Hotel running to Independence Mall is an inhospitable blight.

This is ironic because most of the visitors the city tried to attract are channeled to this stretch of the street. Tourists coming to the city take their impressions of that walk home with them.

It seems that several trends have come together to bring us to where we are today. First, the types of businesses on that stretch of street aren't very attractive. Between Eighth and 12th there are two Rite Aid and two CVS stores and a Walgreens being installed. There are no great places to sit and eat. There aren't any restaurants at the street level. There are few places to sit on that stretch of Market, fewer trees to soften the effects of hot summer days. People moving up and down the street are often hot and dragging.

Second, the last time this area was redeveloped, The Gallery was put in place. The architecture of The Gallery is a huge problem. It is ugly and unfriendly. With all due respect to Ed Bacon, The Gallery sits on the street like some sort of troll exacting a toll on all those who pass. I doubt that anyone is going to tear it down but something should be done to open up that building at the street level.

Third, the intermodal connection between the trolley, the subway and the light rail at Market East Station doesn't work as effectively as it could. I think SEPTA does a poor job of promoting the businesses at their key stations. More often than not SEPTA doesn't even put up adequate signage for its own services. Because of that, mass transit in this area is underappreciated, and the businesses are underused.

Someone once told me that the intersection of Eighth and Market was the busiest retail center in the nation, with three department stores sitting on that corner. That, of course, is no longer true. When The Gallery was built its target market was meant to be the working-class population of Philadelphia. But The Gallery seems to have sucked the life out of the rest of the area. People who work there don't want to linger; people who visit leave as soon as they can.

The big problem seems to be the lack of an integrated plan that draws the street between City Hall and Penn's Landing together. I have some ideas to offer.

Something should be done to make the walk friendlier. There should be more places to sit in the shade. However the various blocks are redeveloped one theme should be kept in mind: Make the walk inviting, friendly and pleasing.

The Gallery is aging, and not well. Open up the building at the street level. A good place to start would be where the window displays currently sit. This may require some alteration of the building, but something could be done to retrofit some inviting restaurants into the street level.

The Reading Terminal Market is a hidden jewel. It is an integral part of the neighborhood -- more should be done to promote it and its relationship to the rest of Market East.

Strawbridge's is a great asset to the street, both its retail and office space. More of that kind of redevelopment needs to be inserted into the street.

The 1000 block of Market doesn't need to be razed but how many world-class streets have check-cashing stores next to a dollar shop or a vacant store?

The former Disney hole (now a parking lot) could be made into a park. Something that people who use the street can enjoy. If not a park, make it a mixed-use retail, parking and residential building. Whatever is done, don't encroach on the street.

With Penn's Landing at one end; Old City and Independence Mall in between, and City Hall, the Convention Center, Reading Terminal Market, Loews Hotel and City Hall at the other end, Market East could truly be world-class.

The Freedom Trail in Boston is a great attraction. Philadelphia has a great downtown in that it is compact and walkable. The city could develop a Liberty Trail on the eastern side of Market Street and Old City that could highlight all the great attractions mentioned before.

The stretch of Market Street between City Hall and Penn's Landing could be one of the great streets of this nation. Like many things in Philadelphia, the potential is there but there is not a lot of movement toward using that potential.

Bruce Andersen is a community activist and holds a master's degree in public policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Tuesday, August 26, 2003

Boost history with 'Liberty Trail'

Posted on Tue, Aug. 26, 2003

Boost history with 'Liberty Trail'
A connector of Philadelphia sites would guide visitors and benefit the city.

By Bruce Andersen

This has become apparent since Philadelphia's new Constitution Center opened and Independence Mall has been redeveloped: The city needs an integrated plan to lead visitors to all of our historic treasures.

Simply put, we need something akin to Boston's Freedom Trail to guide history lovers from Independence National Historical Park along Market Street to City Hall.

Many visitors know a little about Philadelphia's Revolutionary-era history, but many do not know how our historic sites relate to one another or that some are outside Old City. There also are significant sites from later periods, such as the industrial revolution, that deserve attention and recognition.

The Center City District, the private-sector group that promotes activities and businesses in Center City, runs a series of tours as part of Walk! Philadelphia, and local attractions are listed in guidebooks. But more is needed. The city needs a cohesive plan to market all of the historic attractions as a package; it would help them benefit from tourism, particularly the lesser-known sites. Creating a history trail also would solidify the base upon which tourists could plan their visits.

The Freedom Trail is a focal point of Boston's tourism. Visitors from around the nation and the world spend several hours walking through the heart of the downtown business district, following a trail of red bricks and red painted lines. The three-mile trail connects 16 sites in Boston National Historical Park, including old churches, government buildings and burial grounds. It also links to the Black Heritage Trail, which recounts the early history of Boston's African American community.

It's not uncommon for visitors to spend a full day exploring the Freedom Trail, stopping for lunch and souvenirs. The economic benefits they leave behind there and elsewhere in the city are significant: $11 billion a year.

Philadelphia can reap similar benefits. Our city also has a compact, walkable downtown that is full of colorful neighborhoods with historic buildings, cemeteries, churches and exhibits. We just lack a connector.

We could call it the Liberty Trail and make the primary path red brick, with secondary loops in white or blue. It could be put on the eastern side of Market Street and Old City and anchored to the west by City Hall. It could include colonial and revolutionary history as well as the history of the industrial revolution.

The Liberty Trail could tie together all those wonderful destinations that currently are, or seem to be, separate - the Constitution Center, Independence Hall, City Hall, Reading Terminal Market, the Loews Hotel (the former PSFS building), the Union League, the Masonic Temple, and even our newest piece of architectural history, the Kimmel Center.

Two loops could be added to the main trail, one that takes visitors to the Gloria Dei Church and Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, and another along Market Street to Reading Terminal, the former Wanamakers building (now Lord & Taylor) and City Hall. Loops could be added to promote specific neighborhoods such as Society Hill, Germantown and Chinatown.

The Liberty Trail could promote locations critical to the development of the city and the nation. These self-guided trails would help visitors understand the people, the events, and the ideals of Philadelphia throughout the last three centuries. It would place history alongside the existing, progressing, evolving city.

A small investment in the way the city presents itself could bring a windfall - not only in economic prosperity, but in goodwill from visitors.

Bruce Andersen lives and writes in Philadelphia.
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